Abstracts OH 16 (2015), No. 1

STUDIES

 

  • Who was the First One? The Subject and Method of a History of Human Rights

Ivo Cerman

The study explores the beginnings of the idea of human rights in the early modern age. It seeks to point out that the question of inclusion and exclusion of various authors is often based on a circular argument because present historians just seek to confirm their own (subjective) idea of what are „real“ human rights.

Key words: natural law – human rights – – Batrolomé de Las Casas – Samuel Pufendorf – Thomas Hobbes - Benedict Spinoza – John Locke

 

  • The Correspondence between Count Georg Buquoy and European scientists

Michal Morawetz

The article interprets the scientific correspondence of the extravagant  physicist and mathematician Georg Buquoy (1781-1851) as a medium of communication. It is based on manuscript sources from Buquoy family archives in SOA Třeboň. The investigation has proved that an independent scholar such as Buquoy could use correspondence as a means of scientific communication even in the Age of Romanticism. Buquoy made contacts with eminent scientists in Germany and France but he used it mainly to publicize his printed works, not to discuss scientific issues.

Key words: Georg Franz Buquoy – scientific correspondence – Romanticism – book culture

 

RESEARCH PROJECTS

 

  • Family Correspondence of Pětipeský of Chýše and Egrberk (1570-1620). A Critical Edition

Petr Mareš – Miroslav Žitný

The study presents a project, the aim of which is to publish the family correspondence of the knightly family Pětipeský of Chýše and Egrberk. They belonged to lesser nobility which makes these letters exceptionally valuable for they provide a unique testimony of the lifestyle and mentality of this social group before the Battle of White Mountain. The study provides a valuable survey of critical editions of similar documents that pertain to nobility in sixteenth-century Bohemia.

Key words: Pětipeský of Chýše and Egrberk – correspondence – Renaissance – lesser nobility – Bohemia

 

  • Margareta Theresa of Spain in the Symbolical Language of Baroque Performances

Rostislav Smíšek

In this study the author explains the aims of his post-doctoral project which deals with the life of Empress Margareta Theresa at the Court of Vienna. He will focus on the analysis of her role in the symbolical communication which was carried out by means of rituals and their representation in printed media. The panegyrical orations describing the performances will be combined with the testimony of private documents. The author´s understanding of “performative acts” draws on J. L. Austin.

Key words: court culture – Margareta Theresa of Spain – performances – rituals

 

DOCUMENTS

 

  • František Koreš, Power, War and Social Advancement in the History of the House of Robmháp of Suchá from the 16th to the 18th centuries and thei Family Memoirs

 The article contains a short edition of a manuscript with chronological notes on the history and family events of the Robmháp of Suchá. They are a useful testimony of the lifestyle of lesser nobility before and after the battle of White Mountain.